Injection Molding and Its Work Processes

Injection Molding and Its Work Processes

Injection molding technology and manufacturing processes in which molten plastic is injected into a mold. The mold then cools, and the plastic solidifies. Companies use this process to manufacture a variety of products, including medical devices, auto parts, and consumer goods. So how does it all work?

 

what is Injection Molding and Its Work Processes: 

 

Injection molding is a manufacturing technique popular for creating parts by injecting molten material into a mold. The process is common to plastics but can also be used on metals, glass, and ceramics. The first step in the injection molding process is to create a mold of the desired product. A mold is simply a hollowed-out block that allows molten or liquid material to be shaped. Once you have the mold, you can put it on the injection molding machine.

The next step is to heat the plastic pellets, as shown in the picture below, until they melt.

The molten plastic then enters the mold under high pressure. As the material cools and hardens, it takes on the shape of the mold cavity. After the plastic cools and solidifies, the part or product is ejected from the mold.

With injection molding, you can create parts of various shapes and sizes. Additionally, you can design molds to create complex internal features. The ability to create complex designs makes injection molding ideal for applications in various industries.

Benefits of Injection Molding

Injection molding has many benefits, but here are just a few:

Injection molding is cost-effective. Since many parts can be produced quickly and materials can be reused, the overall cost of production is reduced. It is versatile. It can be used to manufacture products of various shapes and sizes. Injection molding is precise. Machines can create intricate designs and even strong parts that cannot be replicated by hand. This works. It produces parts of consistent quality because the process produces very little scrap.

Support for multiple materials: 

The technology can be used to create parts with multiple material properties, including plastics and metals, that can also be reused.

Different Types of Injection Molding Machines

Injection molding machines are mainly divided into three types. They are hydraulic, electric, and hybrid. Let’s discuss each of them.

1) Hydraulic Injection Molding and Its Work Processes

Hydraulic injection molding machine is the most widely used plastic injection molding machine. They can inject molten plastic into molds under high pressure and produce large parts quickly. These machines are also relatively simple to operate and maintain, making them a good choice for businesses new to injection molding. However, hydraulic presses do have some disadvantages. For example, they tend to be noisy.

Hydraulic Injection Molding

Additionally, hydraulic presses require a constant supply of pressurized oil, which can be an environmental concern. Despite these drawbacks, hydraulic injection molding machines remain popular for businesses that need to produce high volumes of plastic parts quickly and efficiently.

2) Electric Injection Molding and Its Work Processes

Electric injection molding machines are other types of injection molding machines that are becoming more and more popular. While their initial cost is higher than their hydraulic counterparts, they offer advantages that make the investment worthwhile. For example, motors are more energy efficient, reducing operating costs. They also respond more quickly to changes in speed and pressure, making them ideal for agile production processes.

Electric Injection Molding

In addition, the motor produces less noise and vibration, making it more comfortable to operate. Electric injection molding machines are likely to see wider adoption as manufacturers continue to look for ways to increase efficiency and reduce costs.

3) Hybrid Injection Molding and Its Work Processes

Hybrid injection molding machines are the latest development in plastic injection molding. Hybrids combine the best characteristics of hydraulics and electric motors. These machines are more energy efficient and save on utility bills. They are also quieter and generate less vibration, making them ideal for noise-sensitive environments.

hybrid Injection Molding

Hybrids also offer greater precision and control than hydraulic or electric ones, making them ideal for manufacturing applications requiring tight tolerances.

Different Plastics Used in Injection Molding

Companies use many plastics in injection molding, each with unique properties and applications. Here are eight of those plastics:

ABS (acrylonitrile butadiene styrene): is a durable plastic commonly used to make household items such as toys and appliances.

PVC (polyvinyl chloride) is a versatile plastic used in many applications, including pipes, wiring, and flooring.

PE (polyethylene) is a lightweight plastic commonly used for packaging and food containers.

PP (polypropylene) is a strong, heat-resistant plastic commonly used to make automotive and industrial components.

PS (Polystyrene) is a lightweight plastic commonly used for packaging and drinking cups.

PET (polyethylene terephthalate) is a strong, shatter-resistant plastic commonly used to make food and drink containers.

PA (polyamide) is a strong, flexible plastic commonly used to make industrial components and automotive parts.

PC (polycarbonate) is a clear, shatter-resistant plastic commonly used in the manufacture of safety equipment and medical equipment.

Application of injection molding products :

Injection molding products can be used in different fields. Here are some of their main applications:

Automotive parts: Injection molding is commonly used to make automotive parts, including door panels, dashboards, and bumpers.

Medical Devices: They are used to make medical devices such as blood pressure cuffs and stethoscopes.

Electrical components: This technique can also manufacture electrical components such as plugs and switches.

Toys: Many toys, including action figures and dolls, are sometimes manufactured using injection molding.

Food containers: Injection molding is often used to make food containers such as yogurt cups and condiment bottles.

Household Goods: Injection molding produces various household goods, including shower curtains and plastic hangers.

Sporting Goods: Injection molding is commonly used to manufacture sporting goods such as tennis and hockey balls.

Tools: It can be used to craft hammers and screwdrivers.

Injection Molding vs. Extrusion

While both injection molding and extrusion processes involve melting plastic and molding it into the desired shape, there are some key differences between them. Injection molding typically uses higher pressures than extrusion, allowing more precise control over the part’s final shape.

Additionally, injection molding typically uses a plunger to force molten plastic into a mold, as shown in the image below. At the same time, extrusion relies on gravity to force the plastic into the mold. As a result, injection molded parts tend to be more precise and have smoother surfaces than extruded parts.

Finally, people typically use injection molding for smaller parts with complex shapes, while extrusion is better for larger parts with simpler shapes.

Mass production of parts using injection molding

Injection molding is a versatile process used to manufacture products for various applications. The process can create high-precision parts, making it ideal for mass-production applications and jobs requiring different materials. Whether you need automotive parts, medical equipment, toys, or tools, injection molding could be the right solution.

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Frequently Asked Questions

Daoben has the SOP (Standard Operation Procedure) and all the production steps must follow up this SOP. Every machine needs at least automatic running over 72 hours and must be inspected carefully before shipment.

Actually, the delivery time of the machines is depended on the machine options. Normally, the delivery time of a standard machine could be within 1-2 months.

12 months warranty after shipment for mechanical parts, hydraulic parts, and electric components excluding the screw and barrel 6 months (not including use for recycled material or reclaimed material).

Yes, Daoben will provide one set of standard spare parts to the customer including a heater, filter, screw head, screw washer, checking ring, sealings, etc.

Surely, we have experienced technical engineers for oversea service, they would help you install machines and support training to workers also. Currently, we provide visits online by video call for COVID-19.

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