Achieving Precision and Efficiency: A Deep Dive into ABS Injection Molding Machine Technology

Introduction

In the world of manufacturing, abs injection molding machine is a widely used technique that enables the production of high-quality plastic parts. This guide aims to provide a comprehensive overview of ABS plastic injection moulding, covering its process, advantages, applications, and considerations. Whether you are new to plastic injection moulding or looking to expand your knowledge, this article will serve as a valuable resource.

 

What is abs injection molding machine?

ABS (Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene) plastic injection moulding is a manufacturing process that involves injecting molten ABS plastic into a custom-made mould. ABS is a versatile thermoplastic known for its durability, strength, and impact resistance. The injection moulding process allows for the production of complex shapes and intricate details with high precision.

 

ABS plastic injection moulding requirements

ABS plastic is a terpolymer of acrylonitrile (A), butadiene (B) and styrene (S) monomers, and the relative proportions of the three monomers can be varied to produce a variety of resins. In terms of flowability, ABS is between PS and PC in terms of flowability and injection temperature and pressure, and is more affected by injection pressure, so higher injection pressures are often used during moulding to reduce melt viscosity and improve mould filling properties.

ABS plastic is a “tough, hard, rigid” material with easy access to raw materials, good overall performance, low price and wide application. It is widely used in the mechanical, electrical, textile, automotive, aircraft, shipbuilding and chemical industries.

 

Injection Moulding Machines

The screw type injection moulding machine is used to inject plastic into the cavity by heating the barrel with an electric heater and increasing the heat by friction of the rotating barrel screw, and the product is obtained by cooling and ejecting the mould. The plasticising effect is good and the moulding temperature can be slightly lower than other types of equipment (e.g. plunger type). The high-temperature damage to the rubber phase is avoided. It should be noted that each injection volume should be 50-75% of the maximum injection volume of the equipment; 

the screw should be a single-head, equidistant, tapered, fully threaded screw with a non-return ring (the screw L/D ratio is 20:1 and the compression ratio is 2 or 2. 5:1.3); the nozzle can be an open universal nozzle or an extended nozzle (its extended length does not exceed 150 min), avoiding self-closing nozzles that reduce the injection process or cause material discoloration. In addition, the nozzle should be fitted with a heater and temperature control device.

ABS Plastic Injection Moulding (1)

Precautions

  1. For flame-retardant ABS, there are strict requirements for starting and stopping the machine to prevent the decomposition of the flame retardant. When starting the machine, the barrel should be cleaned with general-purpose ABS before processing. Before shutting down the machine (for those that have been shut down for 20 minutes or more), the barrel temperature must be reduced to below 100°C, and the barrel must be emptied of material and cleaned with general-purpose ABS before shutting down. The aim is to prevent the flame-retardant ABS from decomposing.

 

  1. Recycled material can be used either directly after shredding or mixed with virgin material, but the proportion of the mixture should not exceed 25% virgin material to avoid affecting performance. For recycled materials more than 5 times or with coloring agents, they are not mixed with virgin materials, mainly to avoid color differences. Regardless of whether it is a separate recycled material or mixed with virgin materials, recycled materials must be dried according to the treatment specifications before being introduced into the moulding process.

 

Moulding process specifications

When it comes to ABS plastic molding, it is important to consider the following process specifications to ensure successful production:

Injection temperature:

This includes the barrel temperature (which can be divided into the rear, middle and front sections), the nozzle temperature and the mould temperature. the viscosity of the ABS melt is not as affected by temperature as the injection pressure, but high temperatures are advantageous for moulding thin-walled products. the decomposition temperature of ABS is theoretically as high as 270°C. However, in the actual injection moulding process, due to time and other process conditions, the resin often starts to change color around 2501°C.

The moulding temperature for ABS is slightly higher (210-250°C) than for heat-resistant and electroplating grades to improve melt-filling difficulties or to facilitate electroplating performance, except for general purpose, flame retardant, and impact-resistant grades, for which a lower temperature is required to prevent degradation or adverse physical and mechanical properties. For general products, the plunger-type machine selects a temperature range of 180-230°C, while the screw-type machine can mould at 160-220x. In the moulding process, the general barrel temperature (rear 150 ~ 1701 ℃, the middle 170 ~ 180 ℃, the front 180 ~ 210 ℃). Special attention should be paid to any changes in the temperature of the homogenizing section and the nozzle, which will be reflected in the product and cause defects such as overflow, silvering, discoloration, poor gloss, and obvious fusion marks.

Mould temperature: 

Mould temperature plays an important role in the surface roughness of abs injection molding machine products and the reduction of internal stresses in the products. A high mould temperature makes it easier for the melt to fill the mould, resulting in good surface appearance and low internal stress, and also improves the plating of the product. For the general requirements of the products, the mould temperature can be controlled at 40 ~ 50 ℃; for the appearance and performance requirements are relatively high products, the mould temperature can be controlled at 60 ~ 70 ℃. The temperature difference between the cavity and the core should not exceed 10°C. For deep-hole products or products with complex shapes, the cavity temperature should be slightly higher than the core temperature to facilitate smooth demolding of the products.

Injection pressure: 

Compared with polyethylene, polystyrene, nylon and other plastics, ABS is slightly less liquid and therefore requires a higher injection pressure. The injection pressure for abs injection molding machine depends not only on the wall thickness of the product and the type of mould, but also on the type of resin. The injection pressure required for thin-walled, long-flow, small-gate products is high, up to 130-150 MPa, whereas thick-walled, large-gate products require only 100 MPa. In the actual production process, screw injection machines are often used to inject at pressures below 100 MPa (we use 50-70 MPa), while plunger injection machines are generally above 100 MPa. The holding pressure should not be too high, with the screw injection machine it is generally 30 to 50MPa, while the plunger type requires 60 to 70MPa or more. If the holding pressure is too high, the internal stress of the product will increase.

Injection speed: 

If the injection speed is slow, the appearance of the product will appear ripples, poor fusion and other phenomena; if the injection speed is fast, the mold can be filled quickly, but prone to poor exhaust, the appearance of roughness and other situations, but also the tensile strength and elongation of the product will be reduced, so that the coating tightening force is also reduced by the injection speed is too fast. For this reason, in the production process, in addition to filling the mold has difficulties with the need to use a higher injection speed, are generally selected in the middle, low even degree is appropriate.

 

Benefits of ABS Injection Molding Machine

ABS injection molding offers several benefits that make it a preferred choice in various industries. Let’s explore some of its key advantages:

Versatility: 

ABS (Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene) is a versatile thermoplastic that can be easily molded into complex shapes. It allows for the production of intricate details and precise geometries, making it suitable for a wide range of applications.

Strength and Durability: 

ABS is known for its exceptional mechanical properties, including high impact resistance and toughness. It can withstand significant external forces without cracking or breaking, ensuring the durability of the molded parts.

Chemical Resistance: 

ABS injection molding exhibits good resistance to chemicals, oils, and greases. This property makes it well-suited for applications where exposure to harsh substances is expected, such as automotive components and electronic devices.

Electrical Insulation: 

ABS has excellent electrical insulation properties, making it an ideal choice for electrical and electronic applications. It helps prevent electrical current leakage and provides a safe environment for sensitive electronic components.

Heat Resistance: 

ABS can withstand moderate temperatures without deformation or loss of its mechanical properties. This thermal stability allows ABS-molded parts to function reliably in various environments.

Easy Processing: 

ABS is easy to process through ABS injection molding. It has a low melt viscosity, which means it flows easily during the injection process, filling the mold cavities efficiently. This results in shorter cycle times and increased production efficiency.

Surface Finish: 

ABS injection molding can produce parts with a smooth and aesthetically pleasing surface finish. It eliminates the need for additional finishing processes, reducing post-production time and costs.

Color Options: 

ABS can be easily pigmented, offering a wide range of color options for molded parts. This allows for customization and branding opportunities, making ABS injection molding suitable for consumer products and automotive applications.

Cost-Effectiveness: 

ABS is a cost-effective material, making it a popular choice for high-volume production. Its relatively low raw material cost, combined with the efficiency of injection molding, makes it an economical option for manufacturers.

Recyclability: 

ABS is recyclable, contributing to sustainable manufacturing practices. It can be reprocessed and used in the production of new ABS injection molding products, reducing waste and conserving resources.

Overall, ABS injection molding offers a combination of strength, versatility, ease of processing, and cost-effectiveness, making it a reliable choice for a wide range of applications in industries such as automotive, electronics, consumer goods, and more.

 

Applications of ABS Molding

ABS molding finds applications across various industries due to its versatile properties. Here are some common applications where ABS molding is widely used:

Automotive Industry: 

ABS is extensively used in the automotive industry for manufacturing interior and exterior components. It is commonly used for producing dashboards, door panels, trim parts, grilles, and bumpers. ABS’s durability, impact resistance, and ability to withstand harsh weather conditions make it suitable for automotive applications.

Consumer Electronics: 

ABS is a popular choice for manufacturing consumer electronic products. It is used for producing computer and laptop housings, keyboards, game controllers, remote controls, and mobile phone cases. ABS Molding’s electrical insulation properties, toughness, and ease of customization make it suitable for these applications.

Appliances: 

ABS is used in the production of various home appliances. It is commonly employed for manufacturing refrigerator components, washing machine parts, vacuum cleaner housings, and control panels. ABS Molding’s impact resistance, heat resistance, and ability to withstand regular use make it ideal for appliance manufacturing.

Toys and Games: 

ABS Molding is widely used in the toy and game industry. It is a popular choice for manufacturing building blocks, action figures, puzzles, board game components, and toy vehicles. ABS’s strength, durability, and ability to be molded into intricate shapes make it suitable for creating toys and games that can withstand rough play.

Medical Devices: 

ABS is used in the production of various medical devices and equipment. It is commonly employed for manufacturing components of diagnostic devices, laboratory equipment, housings for medical instruments, and dental models. ABS’s biocompatibility, chemical resistance, and ease of sterilization make it suitable for medical applications.

Safety Equipment: 

ABS is utilized in the production of safety equipment and protective gear. It is commonly used for manufacturing helmets, safety goggles, face shields, and protective cases for tools and equipment. ABS’s impact resistance and ability to withstand external forces make it suitable for ensuring the safety of individuals in various industries.

Furniture: 

ABS is employed in the furniture industry for producing components such as chair shells, table bases, and storage cabinets. ABS Molding versatility, ability to be molded into different shapes, and availability in various colors make it suitable for creating aesthetically pleasing and functional furniture pieces.

Point-of-Sale Displays: 

ABS Molding is used in the production of point-of-sale displays and retail fixtures. It is commonly employed for manufacturing display stands, shelves, signage, and product holders. ABS’s versatility, ability to be molded into customized shapes, and ease of color customization make it suitable for creating visually appealing displays.

These are just a few examples of the wide range of applications where ABS molding is utilized. The versatility, durability, impact resistance, electrical insulation properties, and ease of processing make ABS a preferred choice in many industries.

ABS Plastic Injection Moulding

Factors to Consider in ABS Plastic Molding

When engaging in ABS plastic molding, several important factors should be considered to ensure successful and high-quality production. These factors include:

Mold Design: 

The design of the mold plays a crucial role in the outcome of ABS plastic molding. Factors such as gate placement, cooling system design, and the number of cavities should be carefully considered to optimize the molding process and achieve desired part quality.

Material Selection: 

Choosing the right ABS material is essential. ABS is available in different grades, each with specific properties and characteristics. Consider factors such as strength, impact resistance, heat resistance, and chemical resistance to select the most suitable ABS grade for the intended application.

Melt Temperature and Injection Speed: 

Proper control of the melt temperature and injection speed is critical for successful ABS plastic molding. The melt temperature should be within the recommended range to ensure proper flow and filling of the mold cavities. The injection speed should be adjusted to prevent issues such as flow lines and part defects.

Mold Temperature: 

The mold temperature significantly affects the cooling and solidification of the ABS material. Maintaining the appropriate mold temperature helps in achieving optimal part quality and minimizing issues such as warping and sink marks. Proper cooling channels and cooling time should be considered to control the mold temperature effectively.

Part Design Considerations: 

The design of the part itself can impact the molding process and the quality of the final product. Factors such as wall thickness, draft angles, and the presence of undercuts should be taken into account to ensure proper mold filling, easy ejection of the part, and overall structural integrity.

Gate Design: 

The location and design of the gate, which is the entry point for the molten ABS material into the mold, are crucial. Proper gate design ensures uniform filling of the mold cavities, minimizes flow lines, and prevents defects. Gate size, shape, and placement should be carefully determined based on the part design and material flow requirements.

Venting: 

Adequate venting is essential to allow for the escape of air or gas trapped inside the mold cavity during the injection process. Insufficient venting can lead to defects such as voids and trapped air bubbles in the molded part. Proper venting design and placement help in achieving high-quality ABS molded parts.

Quality Control: 

Implementing thorough quality control measures throughout the ABS plastic molding process is crucial. Regular inspections, dimensional checks, and material testing help in detecting and addressing any issues or deviations from the desired specifications, ensuring the production of high-quality parts.

By carefully considering these factors, manufacturers can optimize the ABS plastic molding process, achieve consistent part quality, and minimize defects, ultimately resulting in successful and efficient production.

 

Troubleshooting and Common Issues Custom ABS Plastic Molding

In ABS plastic molding, like any manufacturing process, certain issues can arise. Understanding common problems and troubleshooting methods is essential for successful production. Here are some common issues that may occur during custom ABS plastic molding and their possible solutions:

Warping: 

Warping refers to the deformation or distortion of the custom ABS plastic molding part after cooling. It can occur due to uneven cooling or high residual stresses within the part. To address warping, consider adjusting the mold temperature, optimizing the cooling system, and ensuring proper part design with adequate wall thickness and draft angles.

Sink Marks: 

Sink marks are depressions or indentations on the surface of the custom ABS plastic molding part. They can occur when the outer surface cools and solidifies faster than the interior, resulting in uneven shrinkage. To minimize sink marks, adjust the cooling time, optimize the gate location and design, increase the injection speed, or modify the part design to redistribute material thickness.

Short Shots: 

Short shots happen when the mold does not completely fill with molten plastic, resulting in incomplete parts. This can occur due to inadequate melt temperature, insufficient injection pressure, or improper gate design. To address short shots, ensure proper melt temperature and viscosity, adjust injection pressure, and optimize gate design and location.

Sinks and Voids: 

Sinks and voids are irregularities on the surface or within the custom ABS plastic molding part caused by improper packing of the molten plastic. This can occur due to insufficient packing pressure or inadequate cooling time. To minimize sinks and voids, increase the packing pressure and time, optimize cooling time, and ensure proper venting for trapped air or gas to escape.

Burn Marks: 

Burn marks are discolored or blackened areas on the surface of the molded part caused by overheating or thermal degradation of the plastic. To prevent burn marks, ensure proper melt temperature, optimize cooling channels, reduce residence time in the barrel, and inspect the mold for any hot spots or poor venting.

Deformation: 

Deformation refers to undesired changes in shape or dimensions of the custom ABS plastic molding part. It can occur due to inadequate cooling or excessive ejection force. To prevent deformation, optimize cooling time and temperature, ensure proper ejection system design, and inspect and maintain the mold for smooth ejection.

Regular inspection, monitoring, and adjustment of process parameters are crucial for troubleshooting and addressing these common issues in ABS plastic molding. By implementing proper process controls, maintaining the mold, and optimizing design and operating conditions, manufacturers can achieve consistent and high-quality ABS molded parts.

ABS Plastic Injection Moulding (2)

Tips for Successful ABS Plastic Injection Molding Machine

To ensure successful ABS plastic injection molding, here are some tips to follow when operating an injection molding machine:

Machine Selection: 

Choose an injection molding machine that is suitable for ABS plastic. Consider factors such as clamping force, injection capacity, and screw design to ensure the machine can effectively process ABS material.

Mold Temperature: 

Set the mold temperature appropriately for ABS plastic. It is generally recommended to maintain a mold temperature between 50°C and 80°C. Adjust the temperature based on the specific ABS grade and the desired properties of the molded part.

Melt Temperature: 

Control the melt temperature within the recommended range for ABS plastic. The ideal melt temperature typically ranges between 200°C and 240°C. Higher temperatures may cause thermal degradation, while lower temperatures may result in poor flow and incomplete filling of the mold.

Injection Speed and Pressure: 

Optimize the injection speed and pressure settings. The injection speed should be adjusted to ensure proper flow and filling of the mold cavities without causing flow lines or other defects. The injection pressure should be set to achieve complete mold filling while avoiding excessive pressure.

Drying ABS Material: 

Before injection molding ABS plastic, ensure the material is properly dried to prevent moisture-related issues. ABS has hygroscopic properties, so it is essential to dry the pellets in a dehumidifying dryer at the recommended temperature and duration to remove any moisture content.

Screw and Barrel Cleaning: 

Clean the screw and barrel regularly to prevent material degradation or contamination. Purge the machine with a cleaning compound designed for ABS or use a mechanical cleaning method to remove any residue or color contamination from previous runs.

 

Conclusion

abs injection molding machine is a highly versatile and efficient manufacturing technique for producing a wide range of plastic parts. Its strength, durability, and design flexibility make it a popular choice across industries. By understanding the injection moulding process, considering key factors, and implementing best practices, manufacturers can harness the full potential of ABS plastic injection moulding to create high-quality products.

 

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Is ABS plastic injection moulding suitable for small-scale production?

Yes, ABS plastic injection moulding is suitable for both small- and large-scale production. Its high production efficiency makes it cost-effective for various production volumes.

Can ABS plastic injection moulding produce complex shapes?

Yes, ABS plastic injection moulding excels at producing complex shapes and intricate details due to its ability to replicate mould features accurately.

What is the typical lifespan of an ABS plastic injection mould?

The lifespan of an ABS plastic injection mould depends on various factors, such as mould design, material selection, and maintenance. With proper care, a mould can last for thousands or even millions of cycles.

Can recycled ABS be used in injection moulding?

Yes, recycled ABS can be used in injection moulding. However, it may require specific processing considerations and may exhibit slightly different properties compared to virgin ABS.

Is ABS plastic injection moulding a sustainable manufacturing process?

abs injection molding machine can be made more sustainable through practices such as recycling, waste reduction, and energy-efficient production methods. Implementing these measures helps minimize environmental impact.

More To Explore

Send Your Inquiry Now

Frequently Asked Questions

Daoben has the SOP (Standard Operation Procedure) and all the production steps must follow up this SOP. Every machine needs at least automatic running over 72 hours and must be inspected carefully before shipment.

Actually, the delivery time of the machines is depended on the machine options. Normally, the delivery time of a standard machine could be within 1-2 months.

12 months warranty after shipment for mechanical parts, hydraulic parts, and electric components excluding the screw and barrel 6 months (not including use for recycled material or reclaimed material).

Yes, Daoben will provide one set of standard spare parts to the customer including a heater, filter, screw head, screw washer, checking ring, sealings, etc.

Surely, we have experienced technical engineers for oversea service, they would help you install machines and support training to workers also. Currently, we provide visits online by video call for COVID-19.

Send Us Your Inquiry